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  1. In the Americas, The United States of America, Canada, Mexico, and Brazil are the top vaccine producers and the countries with the leading infrastructure for biological manufacturing. The North American countr...

    Authors: Esteban Ortiz-Prado, Estefanía Espín, Jorge Vásconez, Nathalia Rodríguez-Burneo, Nikolaos C. Kyriakidis and Andrés López-Cortés
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2021 7:11
  2. Every year, tens of thousands of older Canadians travel abroad during the winter months to enjoy warmer destinations that offer social and recreational opportunities. How do these Canadians prepare to manage t...

    Authors: John Pickering, Valorie A. Crooks, Jeremy Snyder and Trudie Milner
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2021 7:10
  3. Predictions have been made that Africa would be the most vulnerable continent to the novel Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Interestingly, the spread of the disease in Africa seems to have been delayed and...

    Authors: Guy-Quesney Mateso, Marius Baguma, Pacifique Mwene-Batu, Ghislain Maheshe Balemba, Fabrice Nzabara, Samuel Makali, Aline Bedha, Bonheur Furaha, Jimmy Minani, Christian Tshongo Muhindo, Espoir Bwenge Malembaka, Mannix Imani Masimango, Tony Akilimali Shindano, Justin Cirhuza Cikomola and Kanigula Mubagwa
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2021 7:9
  4. Influenza viruses are an important cause of disease in both humans and animals, and their detection and characterization can take weeks. In this study, we sought to compare classical virology techniques with a...

    Authors: Emily S. Bailey, Xinye Wang, Mai-juan Ma, Guo-lin Wang and Gregory C. Gray
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2021 7:8
  5. Yellow Fever (YF) immunization required a single dose vaccine with boosters every 10 years. After International Health Regulation (IHR) amendment annex 7 (July 2016), it was accepted that a single dose confers...

    Authors: Iolanda Alves, Rosa Teodósio and Filomena Pereira
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2021 7:7
  6. In December 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced a series of pneumonia cases caused by an unknown origin, discovered in Wuhan, China. A dangerous virus called severe acute respiratory syndrome c...

    Authors: Negin Hesam-Shariati, Poya Fatehi, Fardin Fathi, Morteza Abouzaripour and Mohammad Bakhtiar Hesam Shariati
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2021 7:6
  7. Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Brucella spp., namely B. melitensis and B. abortus in humans. Culturing is the gold standard method for diagnosis; however, because Brucella is a slow-growing bacterium...

    Authors: Shahad A. Alsubaie, Shouq A. Turkistani, Alanoud A. Zeaiter and Abrar K. Thabit
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2021 7:5
  8. Schistosomiasis is a common helminthic infection in the tropics and subtropics, particularly in sub-Saharan African countries including Ethiopia. In these counties, Schistosoma mansoni infection is a significant ...

    Authors: Siraj Hussen, Demissie Assegu, Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse and Techalew Shimelis
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2021 7:4
  9. Intestinal parasites are amongst the major public health challenges facing Sub-Saharan Africa. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites and its associated factors among food...

    Authors: Kebrom Regassa, Kiros Tedla, Gessessew Bugssa, Gebretsadkan Gebrekirstos, Hailay Gebreyesus and Mebrahtu Teweldemedhin Shfare
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2021 7:2
  10. The quarantine period imposed to travelers in many countries due to COVID19 is a major obstacle for any traveler. Lifting the quarantine period could lead to significant improvement in people’s quality of life...

    Authors: Abdulkarim Abdulrahman, Manaf AlSabbagh, Abdulla AlAwadhi, Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq, Ali A. Rabaan, Stephen Atkin and Manaf AlQahtani
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2021 7:1
  11. The Novel Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) was introduced into the United States via travel from Asia and Europe, although the extent of the spread of the disease was limited in the early days of the pandemic. Consequ...

    Authors: Pooja Patel and Hans R. House
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:25
  12. Sex tourism is defined as travel planned specifically for the purpose of sex, generally to a country where prostitution is legal. While much of the literature on sex tourism relates to the commercial sex worke...

    Authors: Timothy Siliang Lu, Andrea Holmes, Chris Noone and Gerard Thomas Flaherty
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:24
  13. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a disease caused by an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite that affects animals and humans. An estimated 3.2 million people are at risk of VL, and 3700–7400 cases occur ann...

    Authors: Addisu Gize, Addisu Workineh and Taddesse Hailu
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:23
  14. The majority of cases of Neurocysticercosis (NCC) are asymptomatic. Injudicious use of antihelmintics like albendazole (ALB) can cause cyst degeneration and perilesional inflammation, thus rendering asymptomat...

    Authors: Gaurav Nepal, Ghanshyam Kharel, Yow Ka Shing, Rajeev Ojha, Sujan Jamarkattel, Jayant Kumar Yadav, Himani Vyas, Dhiraj Poudyal and Ranjit Sah
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:22
  15. This paper proposes recommendations for probiotics in pediatric gastrointestinal diseases in the Asia-Pacific region. Evidence-based recommendations and randomized controlled trials in the region are included....

    Authors: Jo-Anne De Castro, Dhanasekhar Kesavelu, Keya Rani Lahiri, Nataruks Chaijitraruch, Voranush Chongsrisawat, Pramod Prabhakar Jog, Yun Haw Liaw, Gia Khanh Nguyen, Thi Viet Ha Nguyen, Uday Ananth Pai, Huu Nguyet Diem Phan, Seng Hock Quak, Pornthep Tanpowpong and Mary Jean Guno
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:21
  16. Placental malaria (PM) is a major public health problem associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as low birth weight (LBW), preterm delivery and maternal anemia. The present study is aimed to determine ...

    Authors: Absra Solomon, Daniel Kahase and Mihret Alemayhu
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:20
  17. Food handlers play a significant role in the transmission of foodborne infections. Salmonella and Shigella are the most common foodborne pathogens and their infections are a major public health problem globally. ...

    Authors: Haftom Legese, Tsega Kahsay, Aderajew Gebrewahd, Brhane Berhe, Berhane Fseha, Senait Tadesse, Guesh Gebremariam, Hadush Negash, Fitsum Mardu, Kebede Tesfay and Gebre Adhanom
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:19
  18. In Ethiopia, malaria is a serious public health concern and has great impact on socio-economy. The trend analysis of malaria data from health facilities is useful for understanding its transmission dynamics an...

    Authors: Shemsia Alkadir, Tegenu Gelana and Araya Gebresilassie
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:18
  19. To investigate the association between parameters indicating immunity from BCG at country level (presence of BCG vaccination policy, BCG coverage, age-specific incidence of tuberculosis (TB)) and the morbidity...

    Authors: Dakshitha Wickramasinghe, Nilanka Wickramasinghe, Sohan Anjana Kamburugamuwa, Carukshi Arambepola and Dharmabandhu N. Samarasekera
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:17
  20. A high burden of severe disease and death from the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been consistently observed in older patients, especially those with pre-existing medical co-morbidities. The global pa...

    Authors: Gerard Thomas Flaherty, Paul Hession, Chee Hwui Liew, Bryan Chang Wei Lim, Tan Kok Leong, Victor Lim and Lokman Hakim Sulaiman
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:16
  21. Access to safe drinking water is one of the basic human rights and is critical to health. However, much of the world’s population lacks access to adequate and safe water. Approximately 884,000, 000 people in t...

    Authors: Aderajew Gebrewahd, Gebre Adhanom, Gebremedhin Gebremichail, Tsega Kahsay, Brhane Berhe, Zinabu Asfaw, Senait Tadesse, Haftay Gebremedhin, Hadush Negash, Brhane Tesfanchal, Hagos Haileselasie and Haftom Legese Weldetinsaa
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:15
  22. Tuberculosis is an infectious disease usually caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. The global emergence of mono- or multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and extensively drug-resistant forms of tuberculosis ...

    Authors: Getachew Kahsu Abay and Bahlbi Hailay Abraha
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:14
  23. In a year-long pneumonia etiology study conducted June 2017 to May 2018 in Sarawak, Malaysia, 599 patients’ nasopharyngeal swab specimens were studied with real-time polymerase chain reaction (rPCR)/ reverse-t...

    Authors: Jane K. Fieldhouse, Emily S. Bailey, Teck-Hock Toh, King-Ching Hii, Kerry A. Mallinson, Jakie Ting, John A. Lednicky, Antoinette Berita, Tham Thi Nguyen, Diego Galan, Son T. Than, See-Chang Wong, Toh-Mee Wong, Patrick J. Blair and Gregory C. Gray
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:13
  24. Tuberculosis (TB) remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in peoples living with HIV and at least 25% of deaths are attributed to TB. Many countries implement the Universal Test and Treat (UTT) pr...

    Authors: Tadele Girum, Fedila Yasin, Samuel Dessu, Bereket Zeleke and Mulugeta Geremew
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:12
  25. Isoniazid prophylaxis therapy is a significant public health intervention to prevent the progression of latent tuberculosis to active tuberculosis disease among people living with HIV. Those with HIV are at hi...

    Authors: Haftom Legese, Hagos Degefa, Aderajew Gebrewahd and Haftay Gebremedhin
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:11
  26. A tetravalent DNA vaccine for Dengue virus is under development but has not yet achieved optimal immunogenicity. Salivary glands vaccination has been reported efficacious in rodents and dogs. We report on a pi...

    Authors: Guy El Helou, Todd A. Ponzio, Joseph F. Goodman, Maria Blevins, David L. Caudell, Kanakatte S. Raviprakash, Daniel Ewing, Maya Williams, Kevin R. Porter and John W. Sanders
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:10
  27. Increasing numbers of older individuals opt to spend extended time abroad each year for lifestyle, health, and financial reasons. This practice is known as international retirement migration, and it is particu...

    Authors: John Pickering, Valorie A. Crooks, Jeremy Snyder and Trudie Milner
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:9
  28. To document the temperature integrity at the vaccine storage devices at various levels in three states of India.

    Authors: Manoja Kumar Das, Narendra Kumar Arora, Thomas Mathew, Bhadresh Vyas, Salam Kabita Devi and Abhishek Yadav
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:8
  29. Effective pre-travel consultations cannot be achieved only through individual risk assessment and advice on vaccinations and chemoprophylaxis. Travelers’ perceptions of the risk of health problems represent an...

    Authors: Thanyapat Hiranrusme, Watcharapong Piyaphanee, Jaranit Kaewkungwal, Udomsak Silachamroon, Wattana Leowattana, Lapakorn Chatapat and Wasin Matsee
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:7
  30. Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) has reached pandemic proportions. Most of the drugs that are being tried for the treatment have not been evaluated in any randomized controlled trials. The purpose of this rev...

    Authors: Rohit Kumar, Nitin Gupta, Parul Kodan, Ankit Mittal, Manish Soneja and Naveet Wig
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:6
  31. In 2018, our team collected aerosols samples from five poultry farms in Malaysia. Influenza D virus was detected in 14% of samples. One sample had an 86.3% identity score similar to NCBI accession number MH785...

    Authors: Emily S. Bailey, Jane K. Fieldhouse, Natalie A. Alarja, David D. Chen, Maria E. Kovalik, Juliana N. Zemke, Jessica Y. Choi, Laura K. Borkenhagen, Teck-Hock Toh, Jeffrey Soon Yit Lee, Kuek-Sen Chong and Gregory C. Gray
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:5
  32. Laboratory services are crucial parts of the health system having a great contribution to disease prevention and management. The importance of accurate and reliable laboratory test results is less recognized i...

    Authors: Teha Shumbej, Sofia Menu, Teklemichael Gebru, Tadele Girum, Fitsum Bekele, Absra Solomon, Dereje Mesfin and Abdulewhab Jemal
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:4
  33. There were 10 million new cases of tuberculosis (TB) in 2017. To eliminate TB, it is necessary to diagnose active TB and latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). Diagnosis of paucibacillary disease and in extrapu...

    Authors: Kiran Iqbal Masood, Bushra Jamil, Alnoor Akber, Maheen Hassan, Muniba Islam and Zahra Hasan
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:3
  34. Intoxication syndromes may be travel acquired, and are related to intentional or accidental inhalational or percutaneous exposures or ingestions. Due to their myriad clinical presentations, initial differentia...

    Authors: Taylor Kain, Jordan Weinstein, Aaron Thompson and Andrea K. Boggild
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2020 6:2
  35. Entamoeba moshkovskii is a member of the Entamoeba complex and a colonizer of the human gut. We used nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to differentiate Entamoeba species in stool samples that had previously ...

    Authors: Cecilia Kyany’a, Fredrick Eyase, Elizabeth Odundo, Erick Kipkirui, Nancy Kipkemoi, Ronald Kirera, Cliff Philip, Janet Ndonye, Mary Kirui, Abigael Ombogo, Margaret Koech, Wallace Bulimo and Christine E. Hulseberg
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2019 5:23
  36. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) remains a leading cause of global morbidity with the highest burden in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). For reasons that are incompletely understood, the likelihood of HIV transmiss...

    Authors: Sergey Yegorov, Vineet Joag, Ronald M. Galiwango, Sara V. Good, Brenda Okech and Rupert Kaul
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2019 5:22
  37. Arboviruses are (re-) emerging viruses that cause significant morbidity globally. Clinical manifestations usually consist of a non-specific febrile illness that may be accompanied by rash, arthralgia and arthr...

    Authors: John T. Kayiwa, Annet M. Nankya, Irene Ataliba, Charity A. Nassuna, Isaac E. Omara, Jeffrey W. Koehler, John M. Dye, Eric C. Mossel and Julius J. Lutwama
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2019 5:21
  38. Diarrheal diseases are responsible for high level of morbidity and mortality, particularly in children below 5 years. Salmonella and Shigella spp. are pathogenic microbes responsible for the major diarrheal assoc...

    Authors: Addisu Assefa and Mengistu Girma
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2019 5:19
  39. Travelling seeking healthcare is becoming common phenomenon. There is limited research to understand factors associated with destinations of choice. Each year the Dubai Health Authority (DHA) spends millions o...

    Authors: Wafa K. Alnakhi, Jodi B. Segal, Kevin D. Frick, Saifuddin Ahmed and Laura Morlock
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2019 5:18
  40. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a protozoal disease that may be aggravated by immunosuppression. In recent years, a growing number of patients with chronic diseases use biological treatment. When such immunosup...

    Authors: Thomas Schwartz, Mogens Jensenius, Bjørn Blomberg, Cathrine Fladeby, Arild Mæland and Frank O. Pettersen
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2019 5:16
  41. Malaria is a serious public concern in Ethiopia, 75% of the land and 60% of the population are exposed to the disease. The disease has been consistently reported as one of the top three leading causes of outpa...

    Authors: Brhane Berhe, Fitsum Mardu, Haftom Legese and Hadush Negash
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2019 5:15
  42. Diarrhea is among the main causes of pediatric mortality in the Philippines. Probiotics have been shown to be beneficial in the management of acute diarrhea. Accordingly, the aim of this population-based study...

    Authors: Jo-Anne A. de Castro, Mary Jean Villa-Real Guno and Marcos O. Perez
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2019 5:14
  43. Anaemia is a low blood haemoglobin concentration and has been shown to be a public health problem affecting both developing and developed countries. Pregnant women are the most vulnerable groups to anaemia due...

    Authors: Tadesse Hailu, Simachew Kassa, Bayeh Abera, Wondemagegn Mulu and Ashenafi Genanew
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2019 5:13
  44. Diarrhea is a serious concern worldwide, especially in developing countries. Rotavirus is implicated in approximately 400,000 infant deaths annually. It is highly contagious elevating the risk of outbreaks esp...

    Authors: Cliff Odhiambo Philip, Margaret Koech, Nancy Kipkemoi, Ronald Kirera, Janet Ndonye, Abigael Ombogo, Mary Kirui, Erick Kipkirui, Brook Danboise, Christine Hulseberg, Stacey Bateman, Alexander Flynn, Brett Swierczewski, Esther Magiri and Elizabeth Odundo
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2019 5:12
  45. Globally malaria remains one of the high burden diseases particularly in developing countries. Ethiopia is one of the sub-Saharan countries highly endemic to malaria. Although, recently the burden of malaria w...

    Authors: Tadele Girum, Teha Shumbej and Misgun Shewangizaw
    Citation: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines 2019 5:11

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