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Table 1 Strategies being proposed and explored for vector control [85]

From: Yellow fever control: current epidemiology and vaccination strategies

StrategiesDescription of methods
Dissemination of larvicidal agents through contaminated adult mosquitoesEntomopathogenic Ascomycetes fungi are potential novel larvicides of dengue vectors, which are also YF vectors
Inhibit mosquito host seekingSpatial repellents such as transfluthrin and metofluthrin disperse effectively
Traps to reduce vectorsUse traps to remove gravid females
“Attractive toxic sugar baits”Solutions containing sugar, an attractant, and toxin used indoors and outdoors to kill mosquitoes
Insecticide-treated materialsNew technology microencapsulation binds deeper in the fabric and promises increased stability and longer release of the insecticide
“Sterile insect technology”Release sterilized males with improved sterilization method to reduce offspring population
Release of insects with dominant lethalityRelease mosquitoes that carry a transgenic construct that restricts survival, hence reduces that mosquito species
Natural intracellular bacterial symbiont WolbachiaMale mosquitoes infected by Wolbachia can reduce the viability of eggs from its female mates
“Gene drives”A transgenic element inserted into the sequence that leads to mosquito population replacement and population suppression (e.g. by creating a sterile allele)