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Table 3 Prevalence of Shigella isolates and associated factors using logistic regression

From: Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of Salmonella and Shigella isolates among children aged below five years with diarrhea attending Robe General Hospital and Goba Referral Hospital, South East Ethiopia

VariablesPatient FrequencyPositive isolates (%)COR (95% CI Lower-Upper)AOR (95% CI Lower-Upper)P-Value
Sex
 Male1797 (3.9)1
 Female24311 (4.5)1.16 (0.44–3.06)
Age
  < 1 year1290 (0)
 1–3 year866 (7.0)1
 3–5 Year20712 (5.8)1.22 (0.44–3.36)
Residence
 Urban1764 (2.3)1
 Rural24614 (5.7)2.59 (0.84–8.02)
Potable watera
 Improved3757 (2.0)1  
 Unimproved4711 (13.9)2.40 (0.75–7.61)1.54 (0.40–5.85) 
Latrine availability
 Yes2503 (1.2)11 
 No17215 (8.7)7.86 (2.24–27.6)4.58 (1.1–18.9) 
Hand wash before meal
 Yes38112 (3.1)11 
 No416 (14.6)5.27 (1.86–14.9)2.38 (0.60–9.32) 
Hand wash after latrine
 Yes3428 (2.3)11 
 No8010 (12.59)5.96 (2.27–15.65)3.31 (1.02–10.90) 
Immunization
 Yes3116 (1.9)11 
 No11112 (10.8)6.16 (2.25–16.85)3.63 (1.04–12.65) 
Availability of waste disposal
 No18315 (8.2)11 
 Yes2393 (1.3)0.142 (0.04–0.50)0.22 (0.044–1.00) 
Domestic animal presence
 Yes16610 (6.0)11 
 No2568 (3.1)0.50(0.19–1.30)1.11(0.28–4.32) 
Milk status
 Boiled1461 (0.7)11 
 Unboiled27617 (6.2)9.51 (1.25–72.25)6.93 (0.72–66.78) 
  1. Abbreviations: arefers to unimproved water (drank raw without any chemical treatment) or improved (water drank after chemical treatment); AOR Adjusted Odd Ratio, COR Crude odd ratio. Factors of independent variables with bolded COR/AOR were significantly associated the dependent variable (p-value ≤0.05)