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Table 5 Multivariate analysis for clinical management and outcome variables

From: Impact of pre-travel consultation on clinical management and outcomes of travelers’ diarrhea: a retrospective cohort study

  Pre-travel consultation (compared to no pre-travel consultation)a
  Unadjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) Partially adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval)b Fully adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval)c
Infectious Disease Consult 5.1 (3.6–7.2) 5.4 (3.8–7.7) 3.1 (1.9–5.3)
Gastroenterology Consult 0.3 (0.1–0.6) 0.2 (0.1–0.5) 0.4 (0.2–0.9)
Mean Days of Hospitalization p = 0.009 p = 0.06 p = 0.006
 Pre-travel consult 1.8 days 1.8 days 1.8 days
 No pre-travel consult 3.3 days 3.3 days 3.3 days
Stool sample obtained 1.9 (1.4–2.5) 1.9 (1.4–2.5) 1.6 (1.1–2.4)
Antimicrobial prescribed 1.6 (1.2–2.2) 1.7 (1.2–2.3) 1.6 (1.1–2.5)
  1. aA nominal logistic model was used for categorical variables. Least squares means were used to estimate the mean hospitalization duration based on a linear model. P values were calculated based on least squares means
  2. bPartially adjusted model included age, sex, and race
  3. cFully adjusted model included age, sex; race; local residence; employment; travel destinations (Central America, South America, Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Northeast Asia, Caribbean); unsanitary food and water consumption; rural location; hiking; camping