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Table 1 Prevalence of Listeria spp. in food, environmental and human samples in Africa

From: Prevalence and characteristics of Listeria species from selected African countries

Country Sample Source Isolated species Sample size Prevalence (%)
(positive sample/sample size)
Reference
South Africa Meat L. monocytogenes 2017 14.7 [8]
South Africa Irrigation water L. monocytogenes 57 16.0 [9]
South Africa Agricultural soil L. monocytogenes 39 23.0 [9]
Nigeria Raw beef and pork Listeria spp. 100 19.0 [10]
Nigeria Chicken flocks and meat L. monocytogenes 426 91.8 [11]
Nigeria Chicken meat/Pork/Beef Listeria spp. 432 28.7 [12]
Nigeria Raw meat and meat product Listeria spp. 300 28.3 [13]
Nigeria Salad vegetables, Salad and coleslaw L. monocytogenes 355 3.9 [14]
Nigeria Cabbage/Carrot/Cucumber/Lettuce/ Tomatoes L. monocytogenes 555 44.0 [15]
Nigeria Soft cheese L. monocytogenes 116 49.1 [12]
Nigeria Raw beef, pork and chicken L. monocytogenes 205 7.8 [16]
Nigeria Raw beef and chevon L. monocytogenes 104 64.4 [5]
Ghana Raw cow milk/Nunu/Boiled milk L. monocytogenes 254 5.5 [17]
Ethiopia Beef, butchers and restaurant L. monocytogenes 450 4.4 [18]
Ethiopia Pizza, cake, ice cream, minced beef, fish, raw meat, and unpasteurized milk L. monocytogenes 384 6.3 [19]
Ethiopia Vaginal samples of pregnant women L. monocytogenes 141 8.5 [20]
Botswana Cheese, raw milk, meat (biltong), frozen cabbage and salad L. monocytogenes 1324 4.3 [21]
Egypt Frozen chicken leg/Minced frozen beef/Frozen chicken fillet/Luncheon Listeria spp. 100 43.0 [22]
Egypt Stool culture L. monocytogenes 28 7.1 [22]
Senegal Vaginal samples of women who experienced miscarriage L. monocytogenes 43 4.6 [23]