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Table 2 Prevalence of Salmonella isolates and associated factors using logistic regression

From: Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of Salmonella and Shigella isolates among children aged below five years with diarrhea attending Robe General Hospital and Goba Referral Hospital, South East Ethiopia

VariablesPatient FrequencyPositive isolates (%)COR (95% CI Lower-Upper)AOR (95% CI Lower-Upper)
Sex
 Male17914 (7.8)1 
 Female24315 (6.2)0.77(0.36–1.65)
Age
  < 1 year1292 (1.6)11
 1–3 year8611 (12.8)9.31(2.01–43.16)19.08 (2.68–135.86)
 3–5 Year20716 (7.7)1.7 (0.77–3.94)2.85 (1.0–8.09)
Residence
 Urban1766 (3.4)11
 Rural24623 (9.3)2.92 (1.16–7.33)0.43 (0.11–1.68)
Potable watera
 Improved34316 (4.7)11
 Unimproved7913 (16.5)2.24 (0.86–5.82)1.5 (0.48–4.69)
Latrine availability
 Yes2507 (2.8)11
 No17214 (8.1)5.09 (2.12–12.20)3.84 (1.31–11.2)
Hand wash before meal
 Yes38122 (5.8)11
 No417 (17.1)10.34 (4.58–23.3)1.92 (0.272–3.13)
Hand wash after latrine
 Yes34210 (2.9)11
 No8019 (23.8)3.36 (1.33–8.43)12.66 (4.54–35.3)
Immunization
 Yes31112 (3.9)11
 No11117 (15.3)4.50 (2.07–9.77)3.54 (1.32–9.51)
Availability of waste disposal
 No18320 (10.9)11
 Yes2399 (3.8)0.32 (0.14–0.71)0.73 (0.26–2.06)
Domestic animal presence
 Yes16613 (7.8)1
 No25616 (6.2)0.78 (0.36–1.67) 
Milk status
 Boiled1465 (3.4)11
 Non-boiled27624 (8.7)2.68 (1.003–7.19)0.33 (0.081–1.39)
  1. arefers to unimproved water (drunk raw without any chemical treatment) or improved (water drank after chemical treatment); AOR Adjusted Odd Ratio, COR Crude odd ratio. Factors of independent variables with bolded COR/AOR and confidence intervals were were significantly associated the dependent variable (p-value ≤0.05)