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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics and prevalence of Salmonella and Shigella isolates

From: Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of Salmonella and Shigella isolates among children aged below five years with diarrhea attending Robe General Hospital and Goba Referral Hospital, South East Ethiopia

VariablePatient FrequencyPercentageSalmonella isolates
Positive isolates (%)
Shigella isolates
Positive isolates (%)
Hospital
 Goba28367.122 (7.8)15 (5.3)
 Robe13932.97 (5.0)3 (2.1)
Sex
 Male17942.414 (7.8)7 (3.9)
 Female24357.615 (6.2)11 (4.5)
Residence
 Urban17641.76 (3.4)4 (2.3)
 Rural24658.323 (9.3)14 (5.7)
Age
  < 1 year12930.62 (1.6)0 (0)
 1–3 year8620.411 (12.8)6 (7.0)
 3–5 Year2074916 (7.7)12 (5.8)
Potable watera
 Improved34381.2816 (4.7)7 (2.0)
 Unimproved7918.7213 (16.5)11 (13.9)
Availability of latrine
 Yes25059.247 (2.8)3 (1.2)
 No17240.7514 (8.1)15 (8.7)
Hand wash before meal
 Yes38190.322 (5.8)12 (3.1)
 No419.77 (17.1)6 (14.6)
Hand wash after latrine
 Yes34281.0410 (2.9)8 (2.3)
 No8018.9619 (23.8)10 (12.6)
Immunization
 Yes31173.712 (3.9)6 (1.9)
 No11126.317 (15.3)12 (10.8)
Availability of waste disposal
 No18343.3620 (10.9)15 (8.2)
 Yes23956.649 (3.8)3 (1.3)
Domestic animal presence
 Yes16639.3413 (7.8)10 (6.0)
 No25660.6616 (6.2)8 (3.1)
Milk status
 Boiled14634.65 (3.4)1 (0.7)
 Unboiled27665.424 (8.7)17 (6.2)
 Total42210029 (6.9)18 (4.3)
  1. Abbreviations: arefers to unimproved water (drank raw without any chemical treatment) or improved (water drank after chemical treatment)