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Table 3 Stool microscopic examination for WBCs and RBCs for 6 pathogens with significantly higher detection percentages in cases than in controls

From: Epidemiology and etiology of Traveler’s diarrhea in Bangkok, Thailand, a case-control study

  Moderate or many WBCs compare to negative blood cell Moderate or many RBCs compare to negative blood cell
N (%) Adjusted ORa (95%CI) N (%) Adjusted ORa (95%CI)
Campylobacter 34/51 (67%) 6.39 (2.52, 16.19) 19/51 (37%) 2.38 (1.15, 4.91)
Shigella 10/12 (83%) 9.76 (1.21, 78.96) 8/12 (67%) 22.30 (2.69, 184.58)
Vibrio 26/47 (55%) 2.47 (1.15, 5.34) 17/47 (36%) 2.73 (1.28, 5.82)
Plesiomonas 25/51 (49%) 1.76 (0.85, 3.66) 19/51 (37%) 2.30 (1.14, 4.62)
ETEC 7/25 (28%) 0.56 (0.20, 1.58) 1/25 (4%) 0.10 (0.01, 0.76)
Norovirus 13/32 (41%) 1.27 (0.51, 3.13) 9/32 (28%) 1.10 (0.45, 2.68)
  1. aAdjusted by age (years), sex, and a categorical variable for time in Thailand