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Table 2 Factors associated with helminth infection among schoolchildren in the endemic area of Guragae zone, Southern Ethiopia, 2017

From: Helminth infections in light of an ongoing intervention in endemic areas of Guragae zone, Southern Ethiopia: an implication for neglected tropical diseases elimination in Ethiopia by 2020

Variables Total, N (%) Helminth infection COR (95% CI) P AOR (95% CI) P
Positive, N (%) Negative, N (%)
Water for drinking
 From tap 539 (90.2) 114 (21.2) 425 (78.8) 1    
  Protected well 45 (7.5) 13 (28.8) 32 (71.2)     
  From river 11 (2.3) 2 (18.1) 11 (81.9) 4 0.99   
Water for washing raw food and vegetables  
  From tap 380 (63.6) 67 (17.6) 313 (82.4) 1   1  
  Unprotected well 62 (10.3) 14 (22.5) 48 (77.5) 2.1 (1.3–3.3) 0.001* 0.35 (0.1–0.8) 0.9
  Protected well 9 (1.5) 2 (22.2) 7 (77.8) 1.5 0.196 1.03 (0.1–3.5) 0.5
  From the river 146 (24.6) 46 (31.5) 100 (68.5) 1.6 0.562 2.4 (0.16–0.75) 0.008*
Fingernail status  
Trimmed 285 (47.7) 57 (20.0) 228 (80.0) 1   1  
Untrimmed 312 (52.3) 72 (23.1) 240 (76.7) 4 0.15 4.5 (0.3–1.2) 0.22
Shoe wearing habit
Always 588 (98.4) 128 (21.4) 460 (78.6) 0.61 0.5   
Sometimes 9 (1.6) 1 (11.1) 8 (88.9) 1    
Hand washing habit after defecation  
Always 347 (58.1) 78 (22.4) 256 (77.6) 1    
Sometimes 250 (40.9) 51 (20.4) 202 (79.6) 1.01 0.9   
Hand washing habit before eating meal
  Always 218 (36.5) 51 (23.4) 167 (76.6) 0.001 0.9   
  Sometimes 379 (63.5) 78 (20.5) 301 (79.5) 1    
Latrine availability
  Yes 566 (94.8) 121 (21.4) 445 (78.6) 1    
  No 31 (5.2) 8 (25.8) 23 (74.2) 1.29 0.56   
Latrine type
  Flush latrine 94 (15.7) 23 (24.5) 71 (75.5) 1    
  Pit Latrine 503 (84.3) 106 (17.8) 397 (82.2) 1.23 0.4   
Latrine utilization
  Latrine 490 (82.1) 103 (21.1) 387 (78.9) 1    
  Open filled 107 (17.9) 26 (24.2) 81 (75.8) 1.22 0.4   
Bathing place
  Home 341 (57.1) 83 (24.3) 253 (75.7) 1   1  
  River 179 (29.9) 28 (15.6) 151 (84.4) 1.9 (1.1–2.1) 0.009* 2.14 (0.3–0.9) 0.04*
  Others 77 (13.0) 12 (15.5) 62 (84.5) 1.79 0.84   
Habit on soil playing
  Yes 315 (52.7) 122 (20.4) 249 (79.6) 1    
  No 282 (47.3) 43 (15.2) 219 (84.8) 0.56 0.77   
Nail biting habit
  No 315 (52.7) 71 (22.5) 244 (77.5) 1    
  Some times 282 (47.3) 58 (20.5) 224 (79.5) 2.1 0.21 1.3 (0.3–1.66) 0.1
  1. COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval, P P value, N number
  2. *Statistically significant at P < 0.05