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Table 1 Helminth infection in relation to sociodemographic characteristics among schoolchildren in the endemic area of Guragae zone, Southern Ethiopia, 2017

From: Helminth infections in light of an ongoing intervention in endemic areas of Guragae zone, Southern Ethiopia: an implication for neglected tropical diseases elimination in Ethiopia by 2020

Variables Total, N (%) Helminth infection COR (95% CI) P AOR (95% CI) P
Positive, N (%) Negative, N (%)
Age group in years
 5–9 318 (53.2) 77 (24.2) 241 (75.8) 1.2 (1.9–2.1) 0.03* 1.43 (0.4–0.9) 0.031*
 10–14 279 (46.7) 52 (18.6) 227 (81.4) 1   1  
Gender
 Female 247 (41.3) 51 (20.6) 196 (79.4) 1    
 Male 350 (58.7) 78 (22.2) 272 (77.8) 0.97 0.632
Fathers’ education
 No formal education 205 (34.3) 50 (24.3) 155 (75.7) 3.1 0.2 1.4 (0.1–19) 0.7
 Primary 293 (49.1) 63 (21.5) 230 (78.5) 3.6 0.2 1.6 (0.1–22) 0.7
 Secondary 80 (13.4) 10 (12.5) 69 (87.5) 6.2 0.08 2.6 (0.1–36) 0.4
 Diploma and above 19 (3.2) 6 (31.5) 14 (68.5) 1   1  
Mothers’ education
 No formal education 276 (46.2) 60 (21.7) 216 (78.3) 1.3 0.2 1.6 (0.1–14) 0.6
 Primary 277 (46.3) 61 (28.2) 216 (71.8) 1.3 0.3 1.4 (0.1–13) 0.7
 Secondary 33 (5.5) 5 (15.1) 28 (84.9) 2.1 0.1 1.5 (0.1–15) 0.7
 Diploma and above 11 (2.0) 3 (27.2) 8 (72.8) 1   1  
Mothers’ occupation
 Farmer 70 (11.7) 20 (28.5) 50 (77.5) 1    
 Merchant 127 (21.3) 27 (21.2) 100 (78.8) 1.48 0.3   
 Housewife 377 (63.10 79 (20.9) 298 (79.1) 1.5 0.32   
 Othersb 23 (3.9) 3 (13.1) 20 (86.9) 1.86 0.3   
Fathers’ occupation
 Farmer 389 (65.1) 95 (24.4) 294 (75.6) 1    
 Merchant 95 (15.9) 16 (16.8) 79 (83.2) 1.6 0.1 1.4 (0.7–2) 0.2
 Employed 63 (10.5) 11 (17.4) 52 (82.6) 1.5 0.1 1.3 (0.5–3) 0.5
 Daily labor 37 (6.1) 4 (10.8) 33 (99.2) 2.6 0.07 2.4 (0.2–5) 0.1
 Othersb 13 (2.4) 3 (23.1) 10 (76.9) 1.6 0.5 1.06 (0.2–5) 0.9
Residence
 Urban 310 (51.9) 63 (20.3) 247 (79.7) 1    
 Rural 287 (48.1) 66 (22.9) 221 (77.1) 1.17 0.4
Family size
 Less than 5 231 (38.6) 48 (20.7) 183 (79.3) 1    
 Between 5 and 10 353 (59.1) 80 (22.6) 273 (77.4) 1.14 0.5 0.882 (0.5–1.3) 0.5
 Greater than 10 13 (2.3) 1 (7.6) 12 (92.4) 3.14 0.2 3 (0.4–26) 0.2
  1. COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval, P P value, N number
  2. *Statistically significant at P < 0.05
  3. bStudent, daily laborer