Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Prevalence and associated risk factors of Shigella species in diarrheic pediatric population attended at selected Gondar town healthcare institutions, Northwest Ethiopia, 2018, n = 272

From: Prevalence, associated risk factors and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of Shigella infections among diarrheic pediatric population attending at Gondar town healthcare institutions, Northwest Ethiopia

Variables Categories Results of Shigella species
Positive (%) Negative (%) COR(95%CI) AOR (95%Cl) P-value
Sex Male 18(11.9%) 133(88.1%) 1.35(0.61–2.98)  
Female 11(9.1%) 110(90.9%) 1  
Age ≤5 years 22(12.2%) 159(87.8%) 1.66(0.68–4.04)  
> 5 years 7(7.7%) 84(92.3%) 1  
Breast feeding Yes 14(12.4%) 99(87.6%) 1  
No 15(9.4%) 144(90.6%) 0.74(0.3401.59)  
Residence Urban 25(10.0%) 226(90.0%) 1  
Rural 4(19.0%) 17(81.0%) 2.13(0.66–6.82) 1.43 (0.35–5.89) 0.622
Income (family) < 500 4(19.0%) 17(81.0%) 2.80(0.83–9.45) 2.69 (0.62–11.63) 0.186
500–1000 9(13.4%) 58(86.6%) 1.56(0.66–3.75)  
> 1000 16(8.7%) 168(91.3%) 1  
Educational (family) Illiterate 15(25.4%) 44(74.6%) 5.11 (1.74–15.03) 3.49 (1.01–12.04) 0.047
Only read and write 1(3.1%) 31(96.9%) 0.48 (0.05–4.31)  
Primary school 6(11.1%) 48(88.9%) 1.87 (0.54–6.48)  
Secondary school 2(4.3%) 45(95.7%) 0.67(0.12–3.58)  
College and university 5(6.2%) 75(93.8%) 1 1  
Water source Unprotected well water 2 (18.2%) 9 (81.8%) 1.94 (0.40–9.47)  
Surface water 2(11.1%) 16(88.9%) 1.09 (0.24–5.02)  
Piped tap water 25(10.3%) 218(89.7%) 1  
Domestic animals Yes 8(14.3%) 48 (85.7%) 1.55(0.65–3.71)  
No 21(9.7%) 195 (90.3%) 1  
Raw food Yes 21 (18.4%) 93 (81.6%) 4.23 (1.80–9.95) 3.66 (1.45–9.24) 0.006
No 8(5.1%) 150(94.9%) 1 1  
Toilet Open defecation 14 (20.9%) 53 (79.1%) 3.35 (1.52–7.37) 1.88 (0.73–4.84) 0.192
Latrine usage 15(7.3%) 190 (92.7%) 1  
Hand Washing Before preparing food 13 (12.3%) 93 (87.7%) 1.94 (0.66–5.68) 1.45 (0.44–4.73) 0.541
After defecating child 6 (12.2%) 43 (87.8%) 1.95 (0.56–6.79) 1.50 (0.36–6.19) 0.579
After toilet use 5 (11.9%) 37 (88.1%) 1.94 (0.53–7.16)  
After cleaning anything 5 (6.7%) 70 (93.3%) 1  
Nutritional status Normal 24(9.3%) 235 (90.7%) 1 1  
Malnourished 5(38.5%) 8 (61.5%) 6.12 (1.85–20.19) 5.56 (1.42–21.76) 0.014
  1. COR Crude Odds Ratio, AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio