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Table 3 Travel characteristics

From: Impact of pre-travel consultation on clinical management and outcomes of travelers’ diarrhea: a retrospective cohort study

  Pre-travel consultationa p valueb
Yes (n = 256) No (n = 904)
Days of travelc 15 (9–32) 8 (7–14) < 0.0001
Reasons:
 Vacation 83 (32) 379 (42) 0.006
 Business 54 (21) 55 (6) < 0.0001
 Volunteer work 68 (27) 33 (4) < 0.0001
 VFRd 38 (15) 61 (7) < 0.0001
 Unknown 13 (5) 376 (42) < 0.0001
Unsanitary food 65 (24) 189 (21) 0.07
Unsanitary water 39 (15) 104 (12) 0.0003
Rural location 137 (54) 39 (4) < 0.0001
Hiking 42 (16) 15 (2) < 0.0001
Camping 25 (10) 2 (0.2) < 0.0001
  1. aCategorical variables are expressed as numbers (%)
  2. bP values were calculated based on Pearson’s chi-square test for categorical variables and Wilcoxon’s rank sum test for continuous variables
  3. cDuration of travel was recorded as a continuous variable, which was expressed as median (interquartile range). IQR = interquartile range from the 25th percentile to the 75th percentile. Information on duration of travel was available for only 47% (542/1160) patients
  4. dVFRs are immigrants or the children of immigrants, who are from developing nations and return home to visit friends and relatives