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Table 2 A multivariate analysis showing the prevalence pattern of S. haematobium, P. falciparum and coinfection

From: Schistosoma haematobium, Plasmodium falciparum infection and anaemia in children in Accra, Ghana

   P. falciparum Infection S. haematobium Infection Co-infection
Number examined % OR 95% CI p-value % OR 95% CI p-value %
Total 404 12.9     4.7     1.0
District
 Ga West 208 18.8 1 Ref   4.3 1 Ref   0.9
 Ga South 196 6.6 0.30 0.15–0.59 0.001** 5.1 1.02 0.39–2.64 0.06 1.0
Gender
 Female 173 13.4 1 Ref   4.3 1 Ref   1.2
 Male 231 12.1 1.02 0.56–1.90 0.925 5.2 1.18 0.45–3.04 0.33 0.9
Age group
 9–11 151 13.9 1 Ref   1.9 1 Ref  
 12–14 253 12.3 0.86 0.46–1.6 0.621 6.3 3.55 1.01–1.49 0.048** 1.6
Socioeconomic status
 Low 80 26.7 1 Ref   3.3 1 Ref  
 Medium 227 10.1 0.28 0.11–0.72 0.009** 6.6 2.34 0.29–18.7 0.423 1.8
 High 147 14.3 0.38 0.14–1.00 0.05 3.1 0.67 0.07–6.74 0.734
  1. **Significant at the 0.05 probability level