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Table 2 Knowledge on malaria prevention measures in Gurage zone 2017

From: Factors affecting prevention and control of malaria among endemic areas of Gurage zone: an implication for malaria elimination in South Ethiopia, 2017

Characteristics Frequency percentage Correct response
Yes (%) NO (%)
Heard about malaria 796 99.5 99.5 0.5
Cause of malaria mentioned    74 26
 Parasites 592 74   
 Bacteria 128 16   
 Viruses 80 10   
Signs/symptoms of malaria mentioned    94 6
 Fevered 593 74.1   
 chills 467 58.4   
 Headache 320 40   
 Joint pain 224 28   
 Vomiting 176 22   
 Others 39 4.9   
When mosquitoes bite mostly    89 11
 Day 88 11   
 Night 712 89   
Common breeding sites    88 12
 Water body 704 88   
 Dry area 96 12   
Common resting sites    80 20
 House 640 80   
 Outside house 160 20   
Mode of transmission    92.5 7.5
 Mosquito bite 740 92.5   
 Fly bite 36 4.5   
 Drinking water 24 3   
Preventive methods mentioned (any)    99 1
 ITN use 776 97   
 Drainage 241 30.1   
 Covering body 22 2.8   
 Smoke 27 3.4   
 Repellant use 141 17.6   
 Close openings 22 2.8   
Advantage of mosquito nets    91 9
 Prevent mosquito bite 728 91   
 Attract mosquito 72 9   
Group most affected by malaria    72 28
 Pregnant & children 576 72   
 Other groups 224 28   
Overall knowledge
 Good knowledge 688 (86%)
 Poor knowledge 112 (14%)