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Table 4 Association between Campylobacter isolation and self-reported symptoms among diarrhea cases

From: Antibiotic resistance in Campylobacter and other diarrheal pathogens isolated from US military personnel deployed to Thailand in 2002–2004: a case–control study

Symptom Campylobacter isolated n (%) N = 54 Campylobacter not isolated n (%) N = 101 Odds Ratio (95% CI) p-value Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI)* p-value
Abdominal cramps 41 (76) 73 (72) 1.21 (0.57, 2.59) 0.70    
Fever 40 (74) 24 (24) 9.17 (4.28, 19.64) <0.01 9.96 (4.50, 22.00) <0.01
Nausea 36/53 (68) 53 (52) 1.92 (0.96, 3.85) 0.09    
Vomiting 19 (35) 23 (23) 1.84 (0.89, 3.81) 0.13    
Muscle aches 31 (57) 32 (32) 2.91 (1.47, 5.76) <0.01    
Headache 5 (9) 1 (1) 10.20 (1.16, 89.73) 0.02 15.41 (1.48,160.4) 0.02
  1. *Final model from multivariate logistic regression removing least significant variable stepwise until p < 0.1 for all retained variables