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Table 2 Percentage of enteric pathogens isolated from diarrhea cases and controls during Operation Cobra Gold, 2002–2004

From: Antibiotic resistance in Campylobacter and other diarrheal pathogens isolated from US military personnel deployed to Thailand in 2002–2004: a case–control study

Pathogen Cases n (%) (N = 155) Controls n (%) (N = 62) Odds Ratio (95% CI) p-valuea
Aeromonas spp. 2 (1) 1 (2) 0.80 (0.07–8.96) 1.00
Campylobacter spp. 54 (35) 2 (3) 16.04 (3.77–68.18) <0.01
C. jejuni 45 (29) 1 (2) 24.96 (3.36–185.53) <0.01
C. coli 10 (6) 0   -   0.07
C. spp 0   1 (2) -   0.29
Diarrheagenic E. coli 29 (19) 6 (10) 2.15 (0.84–5.47) 0.15
 ETEC 17 (11) 1 (2) 7.51 (0.98–57.74) 0.03
  LTST 0   1 (2) -   0.29
  ST 17 (11) 0   -   <0.01
 EPEC 11 (7) 4 (6) 1.11 (0.34–3.62) 1.00
 EAEC 4 (3) 1 (2) 1.62 (0.18–14.75) 1.00
P. shigelloides 21 (14) 1 (2) 9.56 (1.26–72.70) 0.01
Non-typhoidal Salmonella spp. 36 (23) 10 (16) 1.57 (0.73–3.41) 0.28
V. parahaemolyticus 7 (5) 1 (2) 2.89 (0.35–23.95) 0.45
Adenovirus 1 (0.6) 0   -   1.00
No Enteric Pathogen Identified 45 (29) 47 (76) 0.13 (0.07–0.26) <0.01
>1 Enteric Pathogen Detected 36 (23) 5 (8) 3.45 (1.29–9.26) 0.01
  1. aFisher’s exact