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Table 3 ORs and corresponding 95 % CI of HIV status according to behavioural character of the elderly hospitalized patients

From: Unrecognized human immunodeficiency virus infection and risk factors among elderly medical patients at the Korle Bu teaching hospital, Accra, Ghana

  N [1,100] HIV Status OR 95 % CI p-value
Pos (46) Neg (1054)
Condom use
 No 1053 43 1010 0.67 0.20–2.23 0.35
 Yes 47 3 44 a   
Concurrent sex partners
 No 702 27 674 a   
 Yes 398 19 379 1.25 0.69–2.28 0.28
Drug use
 No 1088 46 1042 a   
 Yes 12 0 12   - 0.60
Alcohol use
 No 663 28 635 a   
 Yes 437 18 419 0.97 0.53–1.78 0.53
Smoking history
 No 979 42 937 a   
 Yes 121 4 117 0.76 0.27–2.17 0.42
Chewing tobacco
 No 986 39 947 a   
 Yes 114 7 107 1.59 0.69–3.64 0.19
History of STI
 No 1095 46 1049 a   
 Yes 5 0 5 - - 0.81
Symptoms of STI
 No 167 6 161 a   
 Yes 933 40 893 1.20 0.50–2.88 0.44
Payment for sex     
 No 985 40 945 a   
 Yes 115 6 109 1.30 0.54–3.14 0.35
Tattoos
 No 633 28 605 a   
 Yes 467 18 449 0.87 0.47–1.59 0.38
Blood transfusion     
 No 568 27 541 a   
 Yes 532 19 513 0.74 0.41–1.35 0.20
  1. a: references for calculations of OR