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Table 5 The association between selected predictor variables and active trachoma among children in Gazegibela district, Wagehemera Zone, Northeast Ethiopia, 2015 (n = 601)

From: Prevalence of active trachoma and associated risk factors among children in Gazegibela district of Wagehemra Zone, Amhara region, Ethiopia: community-based cross-sectional study

Variable Trachoma(n = 601)   
Yes No COR(95 % CI) P-value
Education o head of HH     .001
 Illiterate 228 170 1.00
 Read and write 77 91 0.6(0.44–0.91)
 Primary(1–8) 4 3 0.2(0.081–0.51)
 High school(9–12) and above 6 22 0.9(0.220–4.50)
Water source     <0.001
 Protected sources 220 238 1.00
 Unprotected sources 95 48 2.1(1.45–3.17)
Monthly Income(Quartile)     <0.001
 <=350 ETB 140 48 7.1(4.34–11.55)
 351–450 ETB 87 68 3.1(1.94–5.03)
 451–650 ETB 45 65 1.7(1.01–2.84)
 >650 ETB 43 105 1.00
Occupation of head of HH     .104
 Farmer 291 253 1.00
 Merchants 24 33 1.6(0.91–2.75)
Family size     0.130
 <=5 222 185 1.00
 >5 93 101 1.3(0.93–1.84)
Where do the family cook     .011
 In a kitchen 239 241 1.00
 Without kitchen 76 45 1.7(1.13–2.55)
Presence of window in cooking room     <0.001
 Yes 166 219 1.00
 No 149 67 3.4(0.56–21.12)
Method of waste disposal     .001
 Solid waste pit 148 173 1.00
 On farm 167 113 1.7(1.25–2.38)
Presence of latrine     <0.001
 Yes 203 275 1.00
 No 112 11 13.8(7.24–26.29)
Ownership of cattle     .082
 Yes 255 211 1.00
 No 60 75 2.5(0.26–24.21)
Sex of selected child     <0.001
 Male 76 192 6.4(4.49–9.18)
 Female 239 94 1.00
Frequency of face washing     <0.001
 Two or more times per day 196 247 1.00
 Once daily 119 39 3.8(2.56–5.78)
  1. HH household, COR crude odds ratio, CI confidence interval, ETB Ethiopian Birr