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Table 4 Differences in toileting facilities and crowding between HCV-positive and HCV-negative volunteers in Manshiet Nasser, 2003

From: A cross-sectional household cluster serosurvey of hepatitis C virus antibodies in an urban slum of Cairo, Egypt in 2004

Probable risk factors HCVa  
Positive, n(%) Negative n(%) Crude P.R. Adjusted PR (95 % CI)b P value
n = (180) n = (1989)
The floor is made of earth & sand 12/179 (7) 100/1984 (5) 1.4 1.0 (0.6–1.7)  
Traditional latrine 148/179 (83) 1384/1984 (70) 2.0 2.0 (1.4–2.9) <0.001
Use covered pit/uncovered pit for sanitationc 63/179 (35) 537/1984 (27) 1.4 1.3 (1.0–1.9) <0.05
More than three persons per bedroom 55/178 (31) 596/1978 (30) 1.0 1.2 (0.8–1.6)  
No hand washing facility 36/179 (20) 326/1984 (16) 1.3 1.2 (0.8–1.6)  
  1. aNumbers may not add up to (n) or (100 %) due to missing answers/eligibility to the question
  2. bPrevalence Ratio Adjusted for Age (95 % Confidence Interval)
  3. cCompared to municipal