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Table 2 Demographic characteristic differences between HCV-positive and HCV-negative volunteers in Manshiet Nasser, 2003

From: A cross-sectional household cluster serosurvey of hepatitis C virus antibodies in an urban slum of Cairo, Egypt in 2004

Demographic characteristics HCVa  
Positive Negative Crude Prevalence Ratio (PR) Adjusted PRc P Value
n = 180b n = 1989b
n = (%) n = (%)
Age (years)      
 0–12 4/180 (2) 818/1989 (41) 1   
 13–30 28/180 (16) 764/1989 (38) 7.0   <0.001
 31 and above 148/180 (82) 407/1989 (21) 54.6   <0.0001
Meane (95 % CI) 41 (39, 43) 19 (18, 20)    
Male 89/180 (49) 903/1989 (45) 1.2 1.2 (0.9–1.5) NS
Head of House Hold 89/180 (49) 282/1989 (14) 4.8 1.3 (1.0–1.7) <0.05
Ever-Marriedd 155/172 (90) 685/1112 (62) 5.3 1.1 (0.6–2.1) NS
Respondents with no educatione 109/176 (62) 506/1599 (32) 3.2 1.4 (1.1–1.9) <0.05
Current work status      
 Not working/House wife/Students 77/161 (48) 1151/1587 (73) 1 1  
 Garbage collector, sorter and recycler 40/161 (25) 220/1587 (14) 2.4 1.5 (1.1–2.2) <0.05
 Manual laborer/drivers/shop workers 41/161 (25) 192/1587 (12) 2.8 1.3 (0.9–1.8) NS
 Office work 3/161 (2) 24/1587 (2) 1.8 0.7(0.3–1.9) NS
 Ever sort garbage 83/180 (46) 558/1989 (28) 2.1 1.7 (1.3–2.2) <0.0001
Previous residence      
 Upper Egypt 86/179 (48) 348/1984 (17) 7.7 1.4 (0.9–2.0) NS
 Lower Egypt 7/179 (4) 17/1984 (1) 10.9 1.7 (0.8–3.3) NS
 Urban Governorates 49/179 (27) 352/1984 (18) 4.8 0.8 (0.5–1.2) NS
 Manshiet Nasser Natives 37/179 (21) 1267/1984 (64) 1 1  
Standard of living below community level 42/180 (23) 348/1989 (18) 1.4 1.4 (1.0–1.9) 0.05
  1. aAll results are n (%) except for mean age (CI)
  2. bNumbers may not add up to (n) due to missing answers/eligibility to the question
  3. cAdjusted for age
  4. dEver married respondents in the age of marriage (13 +) were compared to never married respondents within the same age category
  5. eRespondents greater than 6 years who have no education is compared to respondents greater than 6 years who have any education
  6. fNS is not statistically significant